The spine is the most vital part of the body that enables us to sit, stand, walk, and do various day-to-day activities. It is an important central nervous system component that transmits electrical impulses to the brain and from the brain to receptor organs. Thus any small damage to the spinal cord may incur a huge loss to one’s life. 

Though a concrete structure, the spine may get damaged due to age, congenital disease, accidents,  nutritional deficiency, or a sedentary lifestyle. Over the years, the number of patients with spine problems has increased, which is a cause of concern. Hence, our spine specialist, one of the best spine surgeons in Mumbai, wants to highlight some of the most common spine disorders so that you take ample care of your spine and seek prevention in time.

5 Most Common Spine Disorders

  •  Slipped Disc

Our vertebral structure is supported by cushiony disc-like structures sandwiched between two vertebrae. These protect and nourish spinal structures. But, with age, the disc’s central liquid dehydrates, making structures dry, rigid, and less flexible, leading to cracks in discs. As a result, the central liquid comes out through cracks and cause nerve pinch. This condition is called herniated disc, which causes a tingling sensation in the arms or down to the lower body.

  • Cervical spondylosis

This is a gradual disintegration of the spine’s cervical section. When the cervical region slowly turns brittle, the vertebrae and discs develop cracks resulting in shortening of the cervical spine with outward protrusion and bone spurs compressing exiting nerves.

  • Osteoarthritis

Vertebrae are rounded in the edges to allow flex for spinal motion. However, when these vertebral edges contact and rub against each other, they end up wearing themselves, resulting in constricted spinal motion resulting in pain. This condition is called osteoarthritis.

  • Spinal Stenosis

The vertebral section has spaces in between for the nerves to exit and branch out. When the space narrows, it causes nerve pinching that can be noticed with a tingling sensation and numbness in the arms and back. Osteoarthritis is a common spine problem that triggers spinal stenosis as another spine issue. Typically, our best spine surgeon in Mumbai treats this disorder by making some room within the spine for exiting nerves.

  • Sciatica

This condition causes sharp shooting pain that travels down to the legs via the sciatic nerve from the terminal spine.  Herniated bone or bone spurs are mostly the reasons that trigger this spine problem. Typically, this disorder affects one part of the body, and ice pack therapies and certain pain killer medications can relieve pain. Still, the disorder needs a spine specialist to fix this lumbar spine problem.

Spinal Treatment By Our Spine Surgeon

Most spine issues can be treated with conservative approaches such as medicines and therapies in the initial stages. The specialist provides pain killer and bone-strengthening medications to condition muscles and strengthens bones. Some therapies and exercises target muscles and bones and rectify the spine disorder with regular practice.

However, deferred treatment only aggravates the condition requiring surgery as the only treatment.   Some spinal surgeries done by our best spine surgeon In Mumbai  to treat serious spinal issues includes :

  • Discectomy
  • Vertebroplasty
  • Kyphoplasty
  • Spinal Fusion
  • Spinal Disc replacement
  • Foraminotomy

It is very important to seek treatment in time as spine problems may trigger other devastating conditions. For best guidance, visit Dr. Akhil Tawari, one of the best spine surgeons In Mumbai.