Understanding and Managing Back Pain: Insights from Orthopaedic Surgeons

Back pain is a common ailment that affects millions of people worldwide. As orthopaedic surgeons, we understand the significant impact that back pain can have on your daily life. In this blog, we will delve into the causes, symptoms, and effective treatments for back pain, providing you with expert advice to help you manage and alleviate this condition.

What Causes Back Pain?

Back pain can result from a variety of factors, including:

  1. Muscle Strain: Overuse, heavy lifting, or sudden awkward movements can strain back muscles and ligaments.
  2. Herniated Discs: When the soft material inside a disc pushes out, it can press on nerves, causing pain.
  3. Arthritis: Osteoarthritis can affect the lower back, leading to pain and stiffness.
  4. Skeletal Irregularities: Conditions such as scoliosis, a curvature of the spine, can cause chronic back pain.
  5. Osteoporosis: Weak and brittle bones can lead to fractures and subsequent back pain.

Symptoms of Back Pain

Back pain can manifest in several ways, including:

  • Aching or Stiffness: Continuous or intermittent pain that may be sharp or dull.
  • Radiating Pain: Pain that spreads to other areas, such as the legs (sciatica).
  • Limited Mobility: Difficulty in bending, twisting, or lifting due to pain.
  • Numbness or Tingling: Sensations that may accompany nerve compression or damage.

When to See an Orthopaedic Surgeon

While mild back pain often improves with rest and self-care, certain symptoms warrant a visit to an orthopaedic surgeon:

  • Persistent pain lasting more than a few weeks
  • Severe pain that doesn’t improve with rest
  • Pain following an injury or accident
  • Numbness, tingling, or weakness in the legs
  • Unexplained weight loss or fever

Effective Treatments for Back Pain

Orthopaedic surgeons offer a range of treatments tailored to the cause and severity of your back pain:

  1. Medications: Pain relievers, muscle relaxants, and anti-inflammatory drugs can help manage symptoms.
  2. Physical Therapy: Exercises to strengthen back and core muscles, improve flexibility, and enhance posture.
  3. Injections: Corticosteroid injections can reduce inflammation and relieve pain.
  4. Surgical Options: In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to correct structural problems or remove herniated discs.

Preventing Back Pain

Preventative measures can reduce the risk of developing back pain:

  • Maintain a Healthy Weight: Excess weight puts additional strain on the back.
  • Exercise Regularly: Focus on strengthening core muscles to support the spine.
  • Practice Good Posture: Keep your back straight and shoulders relaxed.
  • Lift Properly: Bend your knees and keep your back straight when lifting heavy objects.
  • Stay Active: Avoid prolonged sitting or inactivity.


Back pain is a prevalent issue that can significantly affect your quality of life. By understanding its causes and symptoms, seeking appropriate medical advice, and following preventative measures, you can manage and alleviate back pain effectively. As orthopaedic surgeons, we are committed to providing comprehensive care and advanced treatments to help you live a pain-free life.

If you are experiencing back pain, don’t hesitate to contact us for a consultation. Our team of experienced orthopaedic surgeons is here to help you find the best treatment options for your needs.