Osteoporosis – Symptoms, Causes, Prevention, and Cure

Osteoporosis refers to a bone disease in which your bone’s basic framework becomes weak and more prone to fractures. The most common cause of Osteoporosis is a lack of calcium and is more common in old patients. However, young adults can form this disease, as well.

Patients who have osteoporosis are at higher risk of developing fractures in the hips, spine, wrist, and other bones.

Knowing the risks, symptoms, causes, and treatment options can help deal with this condition in a much proficient way.

What causes Osteoporosis?

  • Old age
  • lack of exercises
  • lack of movement
  • Rheumatological disorders
  • smoking
  • excess alcohol consumption
  • kidney disease
  • blood cancer
  • Deficiency of vitamin D and Calcium
  • Lack of calcium
  • Lack of exposure to sunlight
  • Family history
  • Heavy medication
  • Lack of sex hormones

How to prevent Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis increases your risk of fracture. To prevent the fall, here are a few things you must do:

  • Old patients can use a walker or wheelchair while walking.
  • Wear shoes with a non-slippery sole
  • Avoid walking on non-slippery surfaces
  • Keep the floor clean and clear
  • Avoid carpets and rugs
  • Use rubber mat on slippery surfaces
  • Have side-rails while walking on the stairs

What are the treatment options for Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a medical condition that requires a lot of patience, care, and support to get treated. Dr. Akhil Tawari and the team offer a world-class range of services for complete recovery from all kinds of spinal illness, disease, and deformities.

On your first appointment scheduled, the doctor will examine your health condition and determine the type of treatment best suited for your situation. Depending on the patient’s age, condition, health factors, and severity of the case, our spine surgeon in Mumbai will suggest one of the following treatments:

  • Lifestyle Changes: The doctor will instruct some changes in your diet plan, exercises, physiotherapy sessions, and weight-loss exercises.
  • Calcium and Vitamin D: The doctor will increase your calcium and vitamin D intake. It will help the intestine reabsorb calcium and vitamin D, thus resulting in deposition of the bones.
  • Hormonal Supplements: Hormonal supplements are given to female patients as they are more prone to developing Osteoporosis.
  • Surgery: In case of fracture, the doctor will perform surgery or casting/bracing to rejoin the bones and improve its functionality.

To learn more about spinal deformity, Osteoporosis, treatments, and alternative solutions, you can connect with Dr. Akhil Tawari and his team of orthopedic doctors in Borivali, West for expert guidance.

If your back pain has become chronic and you’re looking for an orthopedic spine surgeon in the western suburbs of Mumbai including Malad, Kandivali, and Borivali, you must visit Dr. Akhil Tawari, one of the experienced spine surgeon in the suburbs. Dr. Tawari is known to offer a wide array of spinal treatment solutions both surgically and non-surgically. You can reach out to him by visiting his website, where you’ll also find more information about his advanced spine treatments.

How to Manage the Discomfort of Lower Back Pain?

You may have lifted something heavy today, slept in a wrong position, or sat in a position for a prolonged period, resulting in lower back pain. Whatever may be the reason, but back pain can restrict your body movements and affect personal & professional life.

One out of four people experiences back pain at a certain point in life. The cause behind the symptoms may be different, but it is advisable to consult the best spine specialist in Malad for spine treatment. Often back pain is an initial symptom of conditions like arthritis, kyphosis, or scoliosis, which needs immediate medical intervention. In this blog, we will focus on the tips and solutions to alleviate primary back pain at home. However, these solutions can only manage the pain for a few hours or a day. To permanently get rid of the pain, you can visit Dr. Akhil Tawari the spine specialist in Borivali Mumbai.

Tips for managing back pain

Stretch your bones

Due to heavy work demand and school projects, teens and adults get confined to their table for a prolonged period. Sitting for too long bends your spine; stretching can pull you back and restore your spine’s right position. Yoga and stretching exercises are the best way to manage your back pain.

Manage your postures

We often don’t pay attention to our physical posture while sitting or standing casually. Slumping makes it difficult for the body to distribute your weight equally, which causes strain in the muscles and spinal bones. While lifting heavy objects, bend your knees rather than bending the waist.

No more high heels!

It’s wise to exchange your 4-inch heels with 1-inch heels until you recover from the back pain. To improve blood circulation around the spine and maintain a stable posture, we recommend wearing shoes with excellent sole support.

Work on your weight

Add a healthy diet and exercise in your routine that improves your bone density and makes it stronger than before. You can add calcium in your diet since 85% of our body’s calcium is present in the bones and teeth. Milk, yogurt, cheese, broccoli, and tofu are rich sources of calcium.

Use ice packs

If you met with an accident which triggered back pain, it is advisable to use ice packs for the first 24-48hours. It helps reduce inflammation and relax the muscles. In case the pain persists, immediately consult a spine specialist for necessary medication.


Many patients want to rest a lot due to excess discomfort caused by spinal injury or back pain. But, to manage the symptoms, one must keep moving. You don’t have to run a marathon for a speedy recovery. A daily walk in the park is sufficient if you have undergone major spine surgery.

Talk to your best spine surgeon in Mumbai regarding the rehabilitation program, and they shall help you with the do’s and don’ts post-surgery.  To learn more about spine treatment and solutions, get in touch with Dr. Akhil Tawari and his team today.

regarding the rehabilitation program, and they shall help you with the do’s and don’ts post-surgery.  To learn more about spine treatment and solutions, get in touch with Dr. Akhil Tawari and his team today.

5 Ways to Keep Your Spine Healthy and Active

Every human being experiences back pain at a certain age, whether it’s mild, moderate, or severe pain that needs medical intervention. A healthy spine plays a crucial role in making your life comfortable and painless. As we age, the spinal bones start losing their bone density, becomes weak, and fragile. Other factors include lack of exercise, accidental trauma, health conditions, or chronic illness that may disrupt your spinal health.

Spinal conditions such as herniated disc, spinal stenosis, and strained muscles take time to get diagnosed. Meanwhile, the daily activities, heavy-lifting, and work-life keep adding more discomfort to your spinal condition. You can visit our spine surgeon in mumbai suburbs including Borivali, Kandivali, and Malad Mumbai if you feel there is more to your back pain than a mild disrupted sleeping position.

In this blog, we are about to discuss how you can keep your spine happy and healthy.


Exercise helps maintain healthy joint function and a good range of motion. If you start your day with a good stretching exercise, it will keep you active and offer a good range of motion. Check with your physical therapist, gym trainer, or a doctor who can guide you with proper exercises to relieve stress from the spine muscles and alleviate the back pain.

Sleep and let the spine sleep

After working hard all day, when you finally lay down on your bed, you feel relaxed. But, does your spine relax well? Experts recommend people with spinal issues to lie down on their backs while sleeping. Also, place a pillow beneath your knees to reduce the stress on your lower back. You can also add a neck pillow to support the cervical spine.

A Firm Mattress

While sleeping, your body repairs restore and rejuvenates energy to keep you well-functioning the next day. A sagging mattress will not offer excellent support to the body, resulting in disrupted sleep patterns, insomnia, back pain, neck pain, and a tired body in the morning. Visit a good mattress store and buy a firm mattress that best supports your sleeping position and evenly distributes the body pressure to maintain its structural alignment.

A Supporting Shoe

Good shoes support your leg muscles and keep your spine and body aligned. Whether you are walking in the garden or heading towards the gym for heavy cardio, the right shoes will protect you from muscle strain, jerks, and back pain.


Never underestimate the power of a good massage by a professional. Massage increases your blood flow, loosens tight muscles, activates the connective tissues, and offers relaxation to the body. Patients who just gone through spine surgery, a massage can improve their surgical healing process. For a speedy recovery, get in touch with a physical therapist and improve your post-surgery recovery.

Dr. Akhil Tawari, a well-known and accomplished spine surgeon in Mumbai western suburbs, has helped many patients fight spinal conditions and reclaim their active life. To learn more about his spine treatment, procedures, and rehabilitation program, you can visit his website or book your appointment to resolve your concerns.

4 Smart Tips From Astronauts To Prevent Back Pain During Lockdown

Like you’d imagine, this article is being written from home. And like me and everyone else, you’re probably sitting on your bed or your office chair reading it. Most of us haven’t exercised in a long time and suffer from muscle stiffness and back pain. We’re reading a lot of content with tips and hacks for working from home the right way. But here, we’ll discuss some fascinating tips that are practiced and shared by Astronauts! 

Yes, some of the best aerospace professors have shared some interesting facts about the spinal posture of astronauts in flight being similar to us sitting in an office chair. Though traveling at high-speeds or in zero gravity is different than sitting in earth’s gravity, astronauts tend to make the same slouchy posture in space, which is harmful to their spine, and hence they are trained to avoid it at all times. Based on their training, they’ve shared the following tips for preventing back pain while working from home on earth:

Moving & Stretching:

Not sitting for prolonged hours is key to your spine’s health since the spinal column remains compressed in that state. It is recommended that you stand and move around after every hour or two. It’s even better to perform short stretching exercises for the back, but remember not to stretch extremely or use weight and resistances while doing your stretch routine. 

Practicing A Good Posture:

It’s essential to learn and train your body to maintain a neutral, upright posture subconsciously. Regularly check if your back is hunched, if your neck is craning back, or if you’re leaning forward, and correct your position in the following way:

  • Ensure that your ears, shoulders, and hips are in-line vertically.
  • Ensure that your head is exactly above your torso and isn’t titled over to any side.
  • Slightly arch your lower back inwards without stressing it.
  • If necessary, place a small pillow against your lower back.
  • Lie down flat on your back on the ground once or twice a day.

Setting Up Your Workspace:

Position the various elements of your workstation to support your posture while you’re seated. Ensure that the screen’s center is at your eye level while you sit in an upright chair with sufficient back support. 

Place the keyboard in-line with your torso such that your elbows are at 90 degrees, and the table or the laptop base supports your wrists. Keep your feet flat on the ground to prevent straining their muscles.

Regular Exercise:

Last but never the least, the best way even astronauts maintain their spine health is regular non-exhaustive exercises like pilates or yoga. Here’s a pro tip; while exercising, gently suck your belly button inwards towards your spine, about 30-40 percent of your total inward pull, and maintain that state to engage the right muscles.

If you don’t feel like doing anything else, having a short walk on your terrace can also help your back.

While the lockdown continues, your chances of suffering from back pain will always be high, and if this pain persists, getting professional help from a renowned spine surgeon in Mumbai can be the best option. Dr. Akhil Tawari specializes in offering consultation and tips for prompt back pain treatment for people of all ages. You can now consult him online by visiting Dr. Tawari’s website and booking your online consultation session. Dr Akhil Tawari is also consulting in person at Malad, Kandivali and Borivali area. Through his expertise in dealing with spine problems, he can most definitely help you with invaluable tips for getting the best back pain treatment in Western suburbs ( Malad, Kandivali, Borivali) or even the entire Mumbai.

All You Need To Know About Kyphoplasty and Spine Fracture

The Kyphoplasty technique has become one of the most effective technologies whereby an osteoporotic compression fracture can be treated, pain relieved, restore the lost bone height, and immediately stabilize the bone fracture with an injection. The results are excellent, with a 90% success rate at reducing pain associated with the broken vertebrae. 

What is Kyphoplasty?

It is a minimally-invasive, office-based procedure recommended to the patients to treat certain fractures in vertebrae and spinal bones. These fractures are usually compression fractures that occur in bones weakened by osteoporosis. The goal of Kyphoplasty is to stabilize the compression fracture, provide instant pain relief, and, most importantly, help the patients get their life back in motion. 

Osteoporosis and Compression Fractures

Osteoporosis refers to a skeletal disorder in which the patient’s bones become weak, fragile, and most likely break if left untreated. The broken bones are termed as compression fractures which mostly occur in the hip, spine, and wrist. 

When the soft osteoporotic bones become fragile and tend to break, the patient experiences significant back pain, either in the upper or lower back. In case of the vertebrae collapse, it forms a deformity in the back, and the patient starts hunching forward. This posture can cause various other health complications such as poor digestion, depression, lower self-esteem, inability to walk straight, increased back pain, and breathing disorder. With the evolution of kyphoplasty technology, patients can now get rid of the pain associated with compression fractures and spinal hunching. 

What to expect during kyphoplasty treatment?

The kyphoplasty technique involves the usage of x-ray equipment to insert the operating tools inside the collapsed vertebrae. Dr. Akhil Tawari, our leading spine surgeon in western Mumbai suburbs including Borivali, Kandivali, Malad, Mumbai, will make two small incisions around the affected vertebrae. An inflatable bone tamps or an expander is placed through this incision on each side of the vertebrae. 

Slowly the balloon is expanded, lifting the fractured portion of the vertebrae to an accessible height. Then after, the balloon gets gradually deflated to inject the cement slowly. There is a rare chance of cement leakage during the procedure. Therefore, choose the best spine surgeon for your spine treatment in Mumbai to ensure a healthy and safe recovery. 

What are the benefits of Kyphoplasty?

To date, Kyphoplasty has been the most-effective, quick, and safest treatment for compression fractures. The fractured bones are treated accurately and restored to their actual height. Also, the old fractures or patients who are on steroids or chronic prednisone can get benefitted from kyphoplasty treatment. 

Who should consider kyphoplasty treatment?

  • A patient whose back pain worsens while carrying weight such as groceries, boxes, bags, and so on
  • A patient who suffers from back pain without any tingling or numbing sensation
  • A patient whose 30% to 70% of vertebrae have been collapsed
  • A patient who suffered from trauma or accidental fall a few months ago but now experiencing back pain

Dr. Akhil Tawari and the team have been using this standard treatment for patients suffering from osteoporosis-related spinal fractures. The procedure has shown an impressive success rate among patients, and they can walk immediately post-treatment. No one has to bear the pain associated with spinal injury or osteoporosis. You can book your appointment with us, and our leading spine surgeons will make sure you are able to walk and restore your life in motion.

A Brief Introduction To Cervical Spinal Stenosis

Of all the vertebrae in the spinal column, the first seven vertebrae labeled C1 through C7, which connect the skull’s bottom to the upper back is termed as the cervical spine. It plays a vital role in protecting the originating ends of the spinal cord while it balances and distributes the head’s weight. But most importantly, the cervical vertebrae from C1 to C6 consist of small pores that provide a passageway for vertebral arteries to carry blood to the brain. With such vital functionality, any problem to this vertebral column can have severe consequences on the rest of the body. And spinal stenosis is one of the most prevalent threats that harm the cervical spine mostly in people who cross the age of 50.

‘Spinal stenosis’ is a common condition where the cylindrical hollow space within the spinal column keeps getting narrower and starts pinching and damaging the nerves and tendons of the spinal cord. Severe pain being the most apparent symptom of this condition, it can also cause some serious unexpected symptoms and dysfunctions throughout the body. 


The most common cause of cervical spinal stenosis is osteoarthritis, a systemic disease that starts degrading the bone cartilages and attacking the bones across the body. The bone spurs that it causes over the vertebral discs can damage the spinal nerves. Other types of damages to the vertebral discs that directly cause spinal stenosis include:

Disc Herniation: In cases where the fluid gel within the discs leaks out through herniated regions, this fluid presses against the cord’s nerves.

Spinal Tumors: if cancerous tumors start to form over within the spinal column, they can poke the spinal cord and cause stenosis.

Impact Fractures: fractures caused due to external impact injuries can disposition the discs and impinge the cord consequently.

Paget’s Disease: This is a relatively rare condition where the vertebrae start to grow abnormally brittle and large, strangling the spinal cord inwards. 


Since the cervical spine protects the signaling nerves leaving the brain while enabling the arterial blood supply, cervical stenosis symptoms tend to reflect all over the body, such as:

  • General pain, tingling, spasms, or numbness in the legs, arms, or torso
  • A sensation of severe ache in the lower back or buttocks that shoots down the legs
  • Severe weakness in legs which may cause you to slap your foot down while walking
  • Stiffness and pain while standing or walking
  • Uncontrolled bowel movements caused by a weakened bladder nerves

Treating Cervical Spinal Stenosis:

Non-Surgical Options:

Most spinal narrowing symptoms that are mild or moderate can be dealt with through some lifestyle changes such as exercising regularly and losing excess weight after consulting your physician. Applying frequent hot and cold presses can also help loosen the tightened tendons.

Symptoms such as muscle spasms, nerve damage, seizures, and pain can be controlled and relieved with prescribed medications from your physician. Severe symptoms of pain and inflammation can be eased with nerve blocks and corticosteroid injections. 

Surgical Options:

In more severe cases where the narrowing of the spine prevents the patient from performing routine activities such as walking or passing bowels, surgically rearranging the vertebrae and relieving the nerves might be a better solution.

In such cases, a laminectomy and laminoplasty surgery will be performed with the spine surgeon frees up the jammed vertebrae by removing a portion of a vertebra and installing prosthetic fixtures for support.

Cervical spinal stenosis is fairly common and highly treated these days. All you need to do is find the right spine surgeon and get appropriate treatment. Dr. Akhil Tawari is a specialized spine surgeon for spinal stenosis treatment in Mumbai, who can help you deal with your spine problems with only the most advanced and suitable treatment options. You can visit Dr. Akhil Tawari’s website to learn more about his work as a modern-day spine surgeon for spinal stenosis treatment. 

Things You Must Know About Spinal Infections

Spinal infection is a relatively rare kind of diagnosis but can cause significant damage to the patient’s spine. If left untreated or delayed, it can develop into life-threatening severe health complications. An unattended spinal infection can lead to:


  • Bone abnormalities
  • Unstable spine
  • Compressed Spinal Cord
  • Systemic spread of infection
  • Spinal cord infection and Meningitis
  • Weakness in hands and legs

Spinal infection targets explicitly the bones, vertebrae, fluid, and soft tissues surrounding the spine.

What are the symptoms of spinal infection?

The primary symptom to look out for is bone tenderness and back pain. However, back pain alone may or may not be the symptom of spinal infection. Other symptoms of the spinal disease include:

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Sudden difficulty in moving
  • Back pain accompanied by headache.
  • Shooting pain in the legs, back, and hips
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Muscle spasms
  • Pain or difficulty urinating and passing stools
  • Abdominal pain
  • Unable to balance the body while sitting or standing

In some cases, patients experience neurological problems, which may include numbness, weakness, vision loss, inability to walk, inability to speak, stand, or sit.

What causes Spinal Infections?

It is caused mostly by bacteria including Mycobacteria tuberculosis and fungi, which enter the patient’s body from an infection caused at the other part of the body. The bacteria/fungi travel through the bloodstream and affect the spine. For instance, a patient undergoes surgery or cut himself in an injury.
In some patients, the bacteria target the spinal discs, and once the disc gets infected, it spreads to the other regions of the spine. Over time, the disc will become weak, erode, and collapse, resulting in a damaged spine, vertebrae, and fatality.
In India, the incidence of tuberculosis affecting the spine is very high. A delay in seeking care can have hazardous consequences, while timely interventions usually lead to favorable outcomes.
Visit the best spine surgeon for spinal infection problems before the infection spread in the other parts of the body, press against the spinal cord, and affect multiple bodily functions. If left untreated, the diseased vertebrae fuse and press against the nerve roots, causing shooting pain and discomfort.
Spinal infection can also occur due to the following conditions:

  • Prolonged usage of the steroid
  • Old age
  • HIV
  • Malnutrition
  • Intravenous drug usage
  • Diabetes•
  • Cancer

Treatment Overview

Our best spine surgeon in Mumbai first evaluates and examines the patient’s medical history and suggests some blood tests to determine whether or not the infection is present. Imaging tests and MRI scans may also be performed to find the location of the disease. Therefore, doctors encourage people to get a complete health check-up once every year. Early detection of spinal infection can stop it from further spreading in the body system.
Note: Back pain accompanied by any other symptoms mentioned above, needs to be immediately reported to a professional spine surgeon.
The treatment process includes prescribed antibiotics, surgical decompression, antifungal therapy, and stabilization. The surgery is performed to remove the infection, clean the affected area, and stop further neurological damage. Your doctor will discuss the best-suited treatment approach after carefully examining your health and the amount of infection spread in the spine.

Final Thoughts

Not all back pain results from a spinal infection, but an evaluation is always wise to stay on a safe side. Visit the best spine surgeon today for effective diagnosis and safe treatment for spine infection including Spine tuberculosis.

5 Health Problems You’ll Probably Face While Working From Home

Working from home has created a whole new experience in the lives of the ones who have never done so before this lockdown. To some its the most relaxed version of work while to others, it’s pesky and less productive. And while we do so, not all of us were well-prepared for it. The main difference between working from home and working in an office is the environment. An office is required to have comfortable desks and chairs, substantial break times, and a specified time limit for working every day. On the contrary, as we work from home, most of us do not have the proper desk and chair set up, we tend to take intermittent breaks, and we’re working much longer hours close to our laptop screens.

Naturally, this change in our working style has caused some new health problems which are gradually affecting our lives. And if they aren’t addressed and dealt with in time, they may damage our health even after the lockdown. The most common of such problems reported lately include

Neck, shoulder, and back pain:

When we sit on a bed or a couch in a slouched posture, the muscles around your neck and spine are over-stretched. Additionally, most of us lean forward while writing, which adds to the pressure on the lumbar region.

Also, as the laptop screen is always lower when placed on your lap, it stretches your neck muscles and holds them in that position.

Staying in such postures for a prolonged period will cause the neck, back, and shoulder muscles to over-strain and cause severe pain.

Eye Problems:

All our computer screens emit a specific wavelength of light known as the blue light, which is extremely harsh on the eye. When exposed for too long, this blue light penetrates deep into the eyes and creates a glaring effect, which results in irritation and strain.

When we’re too focused on the screen, our minds enter a semi-hypnotic state, which causes our eyes to blink less frequently. This makes them dry, itchy, painful, and causes burning sensations over the surface.These are just a few of the eye problems caused by prolonged exposure to screens, collectively known as ‘Computer Vision Syndrome.’

Hip Stiffness:

Practically, to keep your hip flexor muscles relaxed, your back needs to be reclined at least 15 degrees. However, most of us think sitting upright like a pole does the trick, while others curve our backs like we’re 100 years old.Ultimately, unless we sit reclined and take frequent breaks, the hip flexors are stretched out and become severely stiff and painful when we get up.

Leg Cramps:

Sitting for prolonged periods also laxes the blood supple down the legs. Moreover, if you tend to sit with your legs elevated or completely folded, your legs drain out blood pretty quickly.With reduced blood supply, your leg muscles are sure to get cramped and tingly, make it difficult to walk later.

Wrist Pain:

As you go on typing throughout the day, your wrist remains pressed against the laptop or desk. The tendons passing through the carpal tunnel structure of your wrist also get inflamed.This external pressure and inflammation cause the median nerve to contract and develop a painful condition called the ‘carpal tunnel syndrome.’

Of all these problems, the back and neck pain issues are known to aggravate rapidly and cause permanent damage to the nerves and bones of the back. If you’ve been experiencing such problems lately while working from home, we recommend you contact and get online consultation for Dr. Akhil Tawari. He is the most adept and regarded spine specialist in western suburbs of Mumbai who is known to provide the best back and neck pain treatment online and offline. You can visit Dr. Tawari’s website to book your appointment today!


7 Factors Contributing To Your Back Pain Problems

Back pain almost always starts as a tolerable twinge, which gradually radiates down the back to one’s legs and becomes chronic. And although this problem is as common as headaches, in most of its cases, it is almost impossible to pin down the exact cause and location of the pain. Hence, the best methodology for back pain treatment is to realize its causes in the early stages and opt for their treatment accordingly.

There is a myriad of factors and
activities which can cause and aggravate your back pain condition.
However, here are some of the factors which are most likely to do so:

Your Screentime:

While looking at a screen for prolonged periods can strain your eyes, it also affects your back and neck muscles adversely.

When you sit on a chair or a couch, you almost always slouch your posture, a habit known as the ‘poor posture syndrome.’ This posture strains the back and neck and exerts excessive pressure on the tendons and ligaments surrounding them. To avoid this, you must take
frequent breaks and walk around while working or binging movies.

Your Core Exercise:

Your core is not just the abs, but
also your side, pelvic, and buttock muscles, which allow your body to
bend, twist, turn, and stand upright.
If you’re only working your abs
and avoiding workouts of other core muscles that support the spine,
chances are you will develop back pain as you get older.

Hence, exercises such as lunges,
squats, planks, etc. should be a part of your daily workout regime to
strengthen the totality of your back.

Your Sleeping Posture:

If you have a considerable amount of belly fat, it will exert pressure on the spine when pressed inside, which is why, if you fall asleep on your stomach, you might suddenly wake up with a twinge in your lower back. It is always recommended to sleep on
either of your sides or back where the muscles remain relaxed.

Your Smoking Habit:

The nicotine content in your cigarettes not only hinders the blood flow towards your vertebrae and discs but also degrades its ability to absorb calcium, weakening them faster than they usually do. Hence, chain-smokers are more likely to suffer from back problems, which can only be prevented by quitting the habit.

Your Mental Stress:

In a study conducted at the
University of Alberta, Canada, people with chronic depression are
four times more likely to develop back and neck pain problems.

Even though the exact causes can’t be stated, doctors believe that the mental effects of depression may trigger the release of the stress hormone cortisol, which causes the back and shoulder muscles to stress and become painful. fortunately, the methods and medications for tackling depression can solve this back problem in the process.

Your Shoes and Slippers:

Full-flat footwears like sandals and flip-flops do not provide sufficient support to the foot’s arch, and wearing them continually can lead to severe back, knee, and foot problems over time. Hence, buy footwear only when it fits comfortably and try wearing different pairs every day or week.

Your Resting Time:

Taking breaks after working hard on
something is necessary, but how long you proceed with your breaks is
also of great concern.
Staying idle for more than a day can
stiffen your back muscles and your bone joints, increasing the risk
of developing pain due to muscle spasms or brisk movements.

Try to change your routine as much
as you can and add new activities to it as someone who was probably
extremely health-conscious had once said – ‘change is as good as

If you wish to learn more about such factors that are causing or may contribute to your back problems and what are the best back pain treatment options, visit Dr. Akhil Tawari’s website. And if you want to consult and get prompt solutions for all your spine and back problems, you can reach out to Dr. Akhil Tawari, who is the best spine surgeon in Mumbai for treating back-related issues.

Here’s How The ‘Sitting Disease’ Is Harming Your Spine

Even as you read this article, you’re probably sitting; either in your office chair, your couch, the balcony, or any other place you usually do, which is alright unless you’ve been sitting for hours at a stretch.

Someone complaining about how long you sit isn’t new to anyone. Sitting is how we work, it is how we consume entertainment, or just let time pass by. This highly passive lifestyle, encouraged by our workplaces and entertainment providers, has been directly linked to the manifestation of several chronic diseases. Hence, even though prolonged sitting per se isn’t a disease, many in the medical community who have realised the disorders it can lead to, have coined the term ‘Sitting Disease’.

How Severe Is The ‘Sitting Disease’?

A 2012 study by the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys showed that as many as 70% of people spend more than six hours sitting every day either for their work, daily commute or for binge-watching TV. 

A 2015 study again showed that this sedentary lifestyle increased the chances of developing several disorders such as obesity, cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and even certain cancers of the breast, colon, colorectal, endometrial, etc. in adults, even if they exercised for some time of the day. Hence, the takeaway from the 2015 study was that prolonged sitting increased the risk of dying through various causes.

How Does It Affect Our Spine, Back & Neck?

The most common complain of every 9-to-5 employee today is soreness, stiffness and pain in their backs. This must not be ignored as minor pain as it has been proven to cause more choric disorders in the long run. To understand why sitting is the root cause of such problems, let’s understand what happens to your back when you sit.

When you’re in a seated position, the muscles around your neck and spine are stretched and the spinal disc experience compressive pressure. It also causes your hip flexors muscles to be pressurised and potentially causes some ischemia (restricted blood flow). The gluteus maximus muscle, which is an essential supporter of the spine, also suffers the same compressive pressure.

Now, when you sit for prolonged periods, you almost always slouch your posture, which is known as ‘poor posture syndrome’. This posture strains the spinal ligaments beyond their limits and exerts the same strain on the outer annulus of the spinal discs. 

Repeating the same posture day after day can accelerate the wear and tear of the spinal discs and lead to various spinal problems such as disc bulging or herniation.

How To Prevent The Spine From ‘Sitting Disease’?

The key to saving your spine is moving around for at least a few minutes each half-hour to keep your spinal joints, muscles, tendons, and ligaments flexible and active.

And if work is your highest excuse for sitting, you can now buy a ‘Sit-Stand’ or ‘Sit-to-Stand’ work desk which seamlessly transforms into a standing desk without disturbing your desk setup, improving your posture and boosting your productivity.

Other habits you can develop to maintain your spine health while at work include:

  • Setting a 30-minute timer at your desk as a standing and stretching reminder
  • Walking up to your coworker for sharing small information instead of messaging them
  • Parking your vehicle a bit farther from the office
  • Taking short walks during breaks

It is also equally important to strengthen the less used muscles such as the abdominals glutes, back extensors and scapular muscles as they support the spine’s muscle balance and improve your posture.
The sitting disease is a major concern amongst modern employees, which can only lead to degrading spinal problems if not rectified in time. If you’re experiencing persistent spinal, neck or back pain and are seeking a spine specialist in Borivali, you must visit Dr Akhil Tawari before taking any major steps. Being one of the most adept spine specialists, Dr Tawari can help you understand the condition of your spine more easily and help you with specialised treatment and prevention options for the same. Visit Dr Akhil Tawari’s website to contact him today.