Different Types of Spine Surgery

Back pain is one of the most prevalent medical complaints. According to reports, nearly 80% of adults are experiencing back pain at some point in their lives. Spine surgery is considered when the patient doesn’t respond to conservative modes of treatment and pain remains persistent and disabling. Given below are some different types of spine surgeries discussed by our spine surgeon that is used to relieve the pain and numbness associated with spinal pathologies.

Spinal Fusion Surgery 

Spinal fusion surgery, also called arthrodesis, is an operation that joins two or more adjacent bones together to form one bone. It is typically performed on patients who have significant back problems, such as a herniated disk. The surgery aims to stop the motion of two or more joints, relieve pressure on a nerve root, and treat some bone problems.


Microdiscectomy, or Discectomy, is the most common spine surgery used for the treatment of a single herniated disk. This surgery involves a small incision at the level of the disk herniation. Next, the herniated part of the disc is removed along with the additional fragments responsible for putting pressure on the spinal nerve. Endoscopic discectomies may also be used for some patients with a suitable disc prolapse.


This is another most common surgical procedure for lumbar spinal stenosis. The procedure removes bone, bone spurs, or ligaments in the spine to relieve pressure on spinal nerves and can ease pain or weakness. If that happens, you might need a spinal fusion as well. The provider sometimes quickly does these procedures together


What is a laminotomy?” is one of the common questions our ortho spine surgeon is asked. Laminotomy is a surgery to treat lumbar spinal stenosis. Laminotomy, also known as Decompressive laminectomy, is done to relieve pressure on the spinal nerve roots caused by age-related changes in the spine. The difference between Laminectomy and Laminotomy is that Laminectomy involves the total removal of the lamina, whereas laminotomy only partially removes the bone.spine stenosis

Lumbar Decompression Surgery

Lumbar decompression treats back pain by removing the extra or excess bone between two vertebrae in the spine. Lumbar decompression aims to relieve pressure on the spinal cord, reduce muscle spasms, and improve flexibility.

Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion

Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (TLIF) is a surgical technique to stabilize the spinal vertebrae and the disc between the vertebrae. It is done through the posterior (back) part of the spine, and it permanently fuses or unites the bones of the spine. 


Oblique Lumbar Interbody Fusion

Oblique Lumbar Interbody Fusion, abbreviated as OLIF, is a minimally invasive surgical technique used to treat abnormal spine curvature, fractured vertebrae, bulging discs, and other spine instabilities. OLIF involves the removal of damaged intervertebral disc and bone and the fusing of two adjacent spinal vertebrae. OLIF is one of the most recommended surgical procedures for spine treatment.spinal fractures


Vertebroplasty is another minimally invasive spine surgery performed as an outpatient procedure for the treatment of compression fractures in the spinal column. In this brief procedure, the surgeon incises the skin through a small punch, exactly on the affected vertebrae confirmed through prior diagnostic tests. After that, they insert a specialized biopsy injection( coupled with fluoroscope) angularly onto the pedicle of the vertebra and inject a low-viscosity bone cement in the fractured vertebra. The injected bone cement spreads rapidly, creating an internal cast within the vertebra, solidifying in less than five minutes. 

Dr. Akhil Tawari is the most renowned ortho spine surgeon in Mumbai. He is a highly skilled surgeon with more than ten years of experience in this field. To this date, he has performed many successful surgeries. His patients’ reviews are testimony to his caring, confidential and discreet approach and suggest that their back pain after surgery is cured completely. So if you are referring to a patient in need of spine surgery, contact us today.