Everything you should know about
Spinal Curvature Deformities

The backbone, or spine, comprises small bones (vertebrae) stacked with discs, one on top of another. When considered from the facet, a healthy backbone has gentle curves. The curves assist the backbone in absorbing stress from frame movement and gravity.

Types of spine curvature disorders:

There are three types of spinal curvature deformities, including:

  • Lordosis: In lordosis, the spine of a person with lordosis curves significantly inward at the lower back.
  • Kyphosis. An abnormally rounded upper back characterizes kyphosis.
  • Scoliosis. A person with scoliosis has a sideways (C or S) curve in the spine. 

Causes of spinal curvature deformities

Several health problems may cause the spine to curve or be misaligned.

The following conditions can cause lordosis:

  • Achondroplasia: A dwarfism disorder in which bones do not grow normally.
  • Spondylolisthesis: A condition that causes the vertebra to slip forward
  • Osteoporosis is a condition in which vertebrae become fragile and can be easily broken 
  • Obesity
  • Kyphosis: A condition can be described as an abnormally rounded upper back
  • Benign juvenile lordosis
  • Discitis: Inflammation of the disc space that is most often caused by infection


The following conditions can cause kyphosis:

  • Abnormal vertebrae development in utero
  • Poor posture or slouching
  • Scheuermann’s disease, a condition in which vertebrae are misshaped
  • Osteoporosis
  • Arthritis
  • Spina bifida is a congenital disability in which the fetus’s spinal column does not close completely during development inside the womb.
  • Spine infections
  • Spine tumors

Doctors do not know what causes scoliosis in adolescents. However, doctors still do know that scoliosis tends to run in families. A disease, injury, infection, or congenital disability also may be to blame.

Symptoms of spinal curvature disorders

Symptoms vary depending on the type of curvature disorder and the severity of the case.

Symptoms of lordosis include:

  • Appearing swayback, with more pronounced buttocks
  • Back pain and discomfort
  • Having a large gap between the back and the floor while lying 
  • Problems were moving in certain ways.

Symptoms of kyphosis include:

  • Bending forward from the head
  • Hump or curve to the upper back
  • Fatigue in the back or legs

Symptoms of scoliosis include having:

  • Uneven shoulder blades
  • Leaning toward one side
  • An uneven waist or hip

Spinal curvature deformities treatment

In popular, treatment is based totally on the severity and kind of spinal curvature you have. Slight spinal curvature, as postural kyphosis, might not be handled at all. Extra intense spinal curvature might also require a brace or surgical procedure.

Treatment for lordosis may include:

  • Medication to relieve pain and swelling
  • Wearing a back brace
  • Weight loss
  • Exercise and physical therapy to treat muscle strength and flexibility
  • Surgery

Treatment for kyphosis includes:

  • Exercise and anti-inflammatory medication to treat pain or discomfort
  • Wearing back brace
  • Surgery to correct severe spinal curvature and kyphosis
  • Exercises and physical therapy for muscle strength

Treatment for scoliosis may include:

  • Bracing: Depending on the degree and severity of the curve, a back brace may be prescribed for kids and adults who are still growing. Bracing help prevents the curve from getting worse.
  • Observation: If there is a slight curve, the doctor may choose to check your back twice a year to see if the curve gets worse.
  • Surgery: Surgery is sometimes needed if the curve is severe and gets worse.
  • Body casting: A cast is placed from the shoulders to the lower body while the child is under anesthesia. It is replaced every 3-4 months for up to 3 years. This is usually reserved for children when a curve looks like it will worsen as they grow.


Workout programs, chiropractic treatment, electric stimulation, and nutritional dietary supplements have not been tested to save you the worsening of scoliosis. However, it is still ideal for strengthening and versatility to preserve normal function. This may require greater effort and attention in someone with scoliosis. Spinal disorders can’t be ignored. Hence they require immediate attention; for consultation and treatment, book an appointment with Dr. Akhil Tawari.