The spine is not straight but slightly naturally curved in an ‘S’ shape to support the body structure. When the natural cervical or lumbar curve changes to a deep curve, causing arches, it is called lordosis or swayback.
The natural curve of the spine helps the body in the following ways:
Lordosis, if not congenital, develops gradually, causing various lifestyle problems. Lordosis can occur for various reasons and is classified into the following categories.
Lordosis can happen to anyone for several reasons, such as:
Lordosis can happen to anyone. But it is more prevalent among children, pregnant women, and older adults.
Primarily, lordosis is of two types: cervical and lumbar.
1- Cervical lordosis– In cervical lordosis, the cervical spine’s natural curve arches forward or outwards so that the head and spine are not straight.
2- Lumbar lordosis– The lumbar spine arch deepens and moves inwards in a ‘C’ shape such that the person’s belly protrudes.
Lordosis is further categorised into the following types:
3- Postural Lordosis
Bad postures lead to pulling the back forward. As a result, the stomach and back muscles weaken and cannot hold the spine’s straight alignment causing the spine curve to deepen.
Congenital lordosis is lordosis by birth- to a newborn due to too much pressure in the womb. Otherwise, lordosis can also occur due to compression fractures, postural changes, spinal infection, or sudden falls and accidents.
Sometimes, lordosis can occur after spinal laminectomy or spinal tumour removal surgery.
Neuromuscular lordosis occurs when the back muscles weaken due to neuromuscular conditions such as muscular dystrophy,spina bifida, or cerebral palsy and cannot hold the spine’s alignment.
Lordosis can be recognised by sleep posture. If the space between your back curve and the bed is too much, it can be lordosis. However, sometimes, lordosis is not visible. Dr. Akhil Tawari physically examines your back and orders scanning tests such as bone tomography, spinal CT scan, and other scanning tests to confirm lordosis and measure the curve’s angular deflection.
The treatment is planned according to the diagnosis. The treatment comprises the following modules: